Canadian Appeals Monitor Information and Commentary on Upcoming and Recent Appeal Court Decisions

Tag Archives: summary judgment motion

Ivic. v. Lakovic: vicarious liability is no short-cut to compensation

Posted in Case Comments, Criminal, Employment Law

On June 2, 2017, the Ontario Court of Appeal decided, in what it described as a case of first impression, that a taxi company was not vicariously liable for a sexual assault allegedly committed by one of its employees, absent any evidence of fault on its part.

Following the Court’s review and affirmation of the leading jurisprudence on vicarious liability, it is doubtful that any car passenger service company could be found liable for the independent and wrongful criminal conduct of its drivers.

Background

The Appellant was intoxicated and feeling unwell while at a party. The Appellant’s friend ordered … Continue Reading

This Week at the SCC (30/11/2012)

Posted in Bankruptcy and Debt, Intellectual Property, Labour and Employment, Professions, Securities, The SCC Monitor

Cases Decided

The Supreme Court of Canada released one decision this week of interest to Canadian businesses and professions.

In Construction Labour Relations v. Driver Iron Inc., 2012 SCC 65, the Court held the Alberta Court of Appeal erred in quashing a decision of the Alberta Labour Relations Board on judicial review.  The Court’s brief judgment criticizes the Court of Appeal for taking an overly rigid approach to the Board’s reasons when finding that the Board failed to consider various issues of statutory interpretation under the Alberta Labour Relations Code.

Continue Reading

Back to Basic: US Supreme Court to Hear Amgen and Clarify “Fraud-on-the-Market” Reliance Presumption in Class Actions

Posted in Case Previews, Class Actions, Corporate Law, Securities, Torts

The Supreme Court of the United States has announced it will hear the appeal in Amgen Inc. v. Connecticut Retirement Plans and Trust Funds, setting the stage for an important clarification of the use of the “fraud-on-the-market” reliance presumption in U.S. securities class actions. The Court first set out the presumption in its 1988 landmark decision in Basic Inc. v. Levinson, 485 U.S. 224 (1988). The Amgen decision will have an impact in Canada, where courts have grappled with the question of reliance in such cases. Generally, Canadian courts have been sceptical about importing a “fraud-on-the-market” approach, but … Continue Reading

Shoulda Woulda? Alberta Court of Appeal Considers the Mental Element of the Tort of Civil Conspiracy

Posted in Case Comments, Class Actions, Professions, Torts

Introduction

The Alberta Court of Appeal has provided its latest contribution to the analysis of the tort of civil conspiracy. The case’s importance lies in its consideration of the mental element of the tort. The case is also interesting for the absence of any reference to the recent Ontario Court of Appeal jurisprudence on the matter, perhaps signifying the development of distinct Western-Canadian jurisprudence on the subjection of economic torts. Mraiche also highlights the inherently contradictory nature of the Canadian formulation of the tort of civil conspiracy, which is a tort that involves both subjective and objective mental elements.

Decisions Continue Reading

FCA Narrows the Limitation Period Defence in Civil Competition Act Claims

Posted in Case Comments, Class Actions, Competition, Procedure

Introduction

The Federal Court of Appeal has ruled that the “ongoing effects” of a conspiracy do not extend the applicable limitation period for the purposes of a civil action brought under section 36(1) of the Competition Act for a criminal conspiracy contrary to section 45(1). The Court of Appeal’s affirmation of the lower Court’s decision also suggests that the “ongoing damage” caused by the conspiracy does not extend the limitations period either. Instead, the limitations period starts at the latest when the plaintiff first becomes aware of the acts constituting the breach of the Act, and possibly even earlier, as … Continue Reading