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Category Archives: Supreme Court of Canada

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No Jury Trial for Securities Offences: Economic Penalties Are Not A “More Severe Punishment” Under Section 11(f) of the Charter

Posted in Case Comments, Charter of Rights, Constitutional, Criminal, Procedural Rights, Securities, Supreme Court of Canada

Is a $5 million fine a less severe punishment than a night in jail?  Are hefty financial penalties for quasi-criminal or regulatory offences able to trigger the procedural protections of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms when combined with the threat of imprisonment? The Supreme Court of Canada had the opportunity to address these questions when it recently released the twin decisions of R v Peers, 2017 SCC 13 and R v Aitkens, 2017 SCC 14.… Continue Reading

The Supreme Court of Canada rules that Québec’s farm income stabilization program is not an insurance contract subject to public law rules

Posted in Administrative, Case Comments, Contracts, Supreme Court of Canada

Overview

Two companion decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada were recently released in cases included on our Appeals to Watch in 2016 list, Ferme Vi-Ber inc. v. Financière agricole du Québec, 2016 SCC 34, and Lafortune v. Financière agricole du Québec, 2016 SCC 35.

Both cases involved the interpretation of the same Québec farm producer income stabilization program (the “ASRA Program”) administered by La Financière agricole du Québec (“La Financière), a statutory authority. The appeals focused on whether the ASRA Program should be governed by public administrative law principles or the private rules of contract law.… Continue Reading

Supreme Court Overrules Rodriguez; Physician-Assisted Death Legal in Canada

Posted in Case Comments, Supreme Court of Canada

Physician-assisted death is permissible in Canada, for competent adults who: (1) clearly consent to the termination of life; and (2) have a grievous and irremediable medical condition that causes enduring suffering that is intolerable to the individual in the circumstances of their condition. In Carter v. Canada (Attorney General),[1] a unanimous Supreme Court of Canada overruled its 1993 decision in Rodriguez v. British Columbia,[2] in which a majority of the Court upheld the blanket prohibition on assisted suicide.… Continue Reading